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Focal Points 2020 Module: Update on Migraine: New Understanding of Pathophysiology and Treatments

CME Credit
  • Up to 2.0 credits of General CME
Product Number
0202020V

Media Type: eBook

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Focal Points 2020 Module: Update on Migraine: New Understanding of Pathophysiology and Treatments

Focal Points 2020 Module: Update on Migraine: New Understanding of Pathophysiology and Treatments

Migraine is a common, disabling headache disorder with a prevalence of about 20% in women and 10% in men. Although it is the second leading cause of years lived with disability and accounts for 3% of all emergency department visits annually, it remains underdiagnosed and undertreated.

Migraine is associated with multiple ophthalmic complaints, including visual disturbances and eye pain. These lead to significantly reduced vision-specific quality of life, and many patients seek ophthalmological evaluation for these complaints. As the ophthalmic examination is usually unremarkable, it is important for ophthalmologists to understand the variable presentations of migraine in order to take an accurate clinical history and manage the patient’s condition appropriately.

This Focal Points module highlights our evolving understanding of migraine pathophysiology and migraine-specific therapies that are being developed to help reduce the disability burden of this highly prevalent disorder.

By completing this module, you will be able to:

  • Describe the current concepts in migraine pathophysiology.
  • Recognize and diagnose migraine disorders based on the International Classification of Headache Disorders criteria.
  • Identify the many visual disturbances and other ophthalmic signs and symptoms associated with migraine.
  • Discuss the treatment options available for acute migraine.
  • Discuss the preventive therapies for migraine, including the new anti-CGRP monoclonal antibody agents.

Author: Stacy V. Smith, MD

Focal Points issues review the most crucial advances and feature insights to help you integrate tested findings into your practice.

Subscribers receive 12 issues a year, plus access to the Focal Points digital archive.

This issue includes an audio version. To access the audio version of this module, scan the QR code in the print module or click the link within the digital module.

To access this issue from your laptop or desktop computer, log in to aao.org/myonlineproducts with your Academy username and password.

To access this issue from your smartphone or tablet, use the free AAO eBooks app. For eBook features, requirements and licensing, visit: aao.org/ebooks. Please allow up to 90 minutes for receiving an access key (via email) that will allow you to retrieve your eBook after purchase.

CME Information
The American Academy of Ophthalmology is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The American Academy of Ophthalmology designates this enduring material for a maximum of 2 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™.

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