There are medications available for the management of almost every known disease process. While these drugs are designed to offer therapeutic relief, complex interactions between chemical compounds and living systems often produce unintended side effects.
This Focal Points module presents some of the neuro-ophthalmic side effects related to medication use, including optic neuropathies, neuromuscular dysfunction, other visual disturbances and orbital inflammation.
The concept of correlation versus causality is discussed, a summary of medications that can cause neuro-ophthalmic disorders is presented along with suggested management of patients presenting with ophthalmic side effects due to medication.
Complete this module to:
- Recognize the clinical manifestations of some of the more common neuro-ophthalmic disorders related to medication use.
- Order appropriate initial studies to investigate patients with signs and symptoms of these disorders.
- Determine appropriate management of patients who present with these disorders related to drug cessation or continuation.
Authors: Ore-ofe O. Adesina, MD; Julian Tokarev, MD
Consultants: Kevin E. Lai, MD; Kimberly M. Winges, MD
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The American Academy of Ophthalmology is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology designates this enduring material for a maximum of 2 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.