Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 08: External Disease and Cornea

CME Credit
  • Up to 15 credits of Self-Assessment CME
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Media Type: eBook, eBook + Print, Print

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eBook $180.00
Print + eBook $300.00

Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 08: External Disease and Cornea

Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 08: External Disease and Cornea

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Section 8 of the Academy's Basic and Clinical Science Course™ (BCSC®) discusses the structure and function of the cornea and external eye and reviews relevant examination techniques.

BCSC Section 8 covers the latest statistics on indications for corneal transplants from the eye bank Association of America. In addition, this section discusses infectious and ocular surface diseases and disorders, surgery of the ocular surface, immune-mediated and neoplastic disorders and congenital anomalies and degenerations. A chapter on the diagnosis and management of corneal dystrophies reflects the IC3D classification of the dystrophies according to a template consisting of clinical, pathologic and genetic information. Toxic and traumatic injuries and corneal transplantation are also reviewed.

This section also covers diagnostic imaging technologies, endothelial replacement surgery updates and best practices for early recognition and treatment of sebaceous cell carcinoma.

Interactive elements throughout the text, such as an activity on corneal layers and corresponding confocal images, an animation demonstrating the development of the cornea and a corneal ectasia case study, will help strengthen your clinical knowledge. This volume has 46 videos (sample), many demonstrating surgical techniques to aid your understanding. Both print and eBook users have access to the videos and interactive elements.

Upon completion of Section 8, readers should be able to:

  • Explain the overall strategy, examination, and technology used for systematic evaluation of the cornea and the external eye
  • Describe the basic principles and the clinical approach to the diagnosis and treatment of viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic keratitis
  • List the risk factors, clinical signs, and breadth of management options of corneal ectasia
  • List the risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment of neoplastic disease of the cornea and the external eye
  • Identify unique clinical features that help differentiate the more common corneal dystrophies and describe an appropriate management strategy for each
  • Identify the common corneal manifestations of systemic disease and describe their treatments

Section chair: Robert S. Feder, MD
Last Major Revision: 2021-2022

Print: 584 pages

eBook: Read Academy eBooks online from nearly any computer, or download eBooks to your mobile device with the free Academy eBooks app. For eBook features, requirements and licensing, visit: eBook purchasers can access the content for the life of the product, typically five years from the last date of sale. Please allow up to 90 minutes for receiving an access key (via email) that will allow you to retrieve your eBook after purchase.

Print ISBN: 978-1-68104-620-4
eBook ISBN: 978-1-68104-646-4
Print & eBook ISBN: 978-1-68104-633-4

About the BCSC
The Academy's Basic and Clinical Science Course™ is ophthalmology’s definitive source of clinical information. Practicing ophthalmologists and residents worldwide use the BCSC® to ensure the highest-quality patient care.

Each of the 13 volumes includes up-to-date clinical information, concise text, tables, self-assessment questions with answers, photos and illustrations and opportunities for earning AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™.

Beginning with the 2013–2014 edition, the Academy and the European Board of Ophthalmology (EBO) have partnered to make the BCSC the standard text for all European ophthalmology training programs. The EBO now recommends the BCSC as the primary educational resource for European trainees and ophthalmologists studying for the annual EBO Diploma Exam.

CME Information
The American Academy of Ophthalmology is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The American Academy of Ophthalmology designates this enduring material for a maximum of 15 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

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For BCSC eBook features, requirements and licensing, visit

Purchasers may download purchased eBooks on up to five personal devices. eBook purchasers can access the content for the life of the product. Typically, this is five years from the last date of sale, except in instances where the content is specific to a particular year or if the purchase was for a subscription of a given length.

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