Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 02: Fundamentals and Principles of Ophthalmology

CME Credit
  • Up to 15 credits of Self-Assessment CME
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Media Type: eBook, eBook + Print, Print

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Print $190.00
eBook $180.00
Print + eBook $300.00

Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 02: Fundamentals and Principles of Ophthalmology

Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 02: Fundamentals and Principles of Ophthalmology

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Major Revision

Section 2 of the Academy's Basic and Clinical Science Course™ (BCSC®) provides the essential scientific grounding for current ophthalmic practice with discussions about ocular anatomy, embryology, biochemistry and metabolism in the eye and ocular pharmacology. In addition, a new chapter discusses the role of digital ophthalmology, as well as the application and future of artificial intelligence, plus machine learning.

BCSC Section 2 features new clinical content on biosimilar drugs and ocular penetration of systemically administered antimicrobial agents and pediatric dosing. This edition has new Clinical Pearl boxes and content boxes that emphasize essential concepts.

This major revision includes expanded clinical content on ophthalmic drug delivery, ophthalmic preservatives and a new section dedicated to VEGF and VEGF inhibitors plus an expanded table on immunomodulatory therapy. BCSC Section 2 includes an updated genetics section with expanded knowledge on CRISPR and includes new pedigree charts.

Deepen your understanding with eight clinical videos, five animations (sample) and five interactive activities. Both print and eBook users have access to videos, animations and interactive activities.

Upon completion of Section 2, readers should be able to:

  • Describe the anastomoses in the orbit between the external and internal carotid arteries
  • Describe the elements of the visual cycle and phototransduction cascade and their relation to vision and inherited retinal diseases
  • Draw a pedigree diagram and identify the main patterns of inheritance
  • Describe the role of the ophthalmologist in the provision of genetic counseling as well as the indications for ordering genetic testing and referring patients for gene therapy
  • List the various functions of the retinal pigment epithelium, such as phagocytosis, vitamin A metabolism, and maintenance of retinal adhesion
  • Describe the basic principles of ocular pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and pharmacogenetics

Section chair: Vikram S. Brar, MD

Print: 584 pages

eBook: Read Academy eBooks online from nearly any computer, or download eBooks to your mobile device with the free Academy eBooks app. For eBook features, requirements and licensing, visit: eBook purchasers can access the content for the life of the product, typically five years from the last date of sale. Please allow up to 90 minutes for receiving an access key (via email) that will allow you to retrieve your eBook after purchase.

Print ISBN: 978-1-68104-614-3
eBook ISBN: 978-1-68104-640-2
Print & eBook ISBN: 978-1-68104-627-3

About the BCSC
The Academy's Basic and Clinical Science Course is ophthalmology’s definitive source of clinical information. Practicing ophthalmologists and residents worldwide use the BCSC to ensure the highest-quality patient care.

Each of the 13 volumes includes up-to-date clinical information, concise text, tables, self-assessment questions with answers, photos and illustrations and opportunities for earning AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™.

Beginning with the 2013–2014 edition, the Academy and the European Board of Ophthalmology (EBO) have partnered to make the BCSC the standard text for all European ophthalmology training programs. The EBO now recommends the BCSC as the primary educational resource for European trainees and ophthalmologists studying for the annual EBO Diploma Exam.

CME Information
The American Academy of Ophthalmology is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The American Academy of Ophthalmology designates this enduring material for a maximum of 15 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

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For BCSC eBook features, requirements and licensing, visit

Purchasers may download purchased eBooks on up to five personal devices. eBook purchasers can access the content for the life of the product. Typically, this is five years from the last date of sale, except in instances where the content is specific to a particular year or if the purchase was for a subscription of a given length.

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