Close Recently added item(s)

There are no items in your cart. Please select a category or enter a keyword in the search field to begin shopping.


Focal Points 2013 Module: Vertical Strabismus

Focal Points 2013 Module: Vertical Strabismus

CME Credit
  • Up to 2.0 credits of General CME

Product Number: 0202123V

Media Type: eBook, Online

Availability: In stock

$30.00 $50.00


Managing a patient with vertical misalignment of the eyes can be challenging. Small deviations that are less than 8 to 10 prism diopters can often be managed with prism eyeglasses. However, many patients require surgical management to treat intractable diplopia. For all patients, realistic expectations must be established—most cases are not fully "curable" because many cases of vertical eye misalignment are associated with some degree of incomitance.

Evaluation of a patient with vertical strabismus requires an excellent history. Thereafter, specific examination techniques can allow the ophthalmologist to determine if the cause of the vertical eye misalignment is restrictive, paralytic, or dissociative. Finally, imaging studies are often employed to aid in diagnosis and management. The goal of therapy is to produce a large field of central, binocular vision to allow the patient the greatest visual function for daily tasks.

Upon completion of this Focal Points issue, you should be able to:
  • Perform a motility exam on a patient with vertical strabismus.
  • Classify the likely etiology of the strabismus.
  • Initiate the appropriate medical and/or surgical management to restore alignment and reduce patient symptoms.

Focal Points issues are practical, hands-on discussions of the clinical challenges you face daily. Each issue delivers high-quality, trusted ophthalmic information written and reviewed by leading experts.

Subscribers receive 12 new issues a year, plus access to the Focal Points digital archive.

To access this issue from your laptop or desktop computer, log in to with your Academy username and password. To access this issue from your Apple iPad® or Android™ tablet, use the free AAO eBooks app. For more information about the app, visit

CME Credit
The American Academy of Ophthalmology designates this enduring material for a maximum of 2 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Once you have completed this Focal Points issue, please visit CME Central to review or claim your CME.


This product was built to be compatible with operating systems that are current at the time the product launched, however the Academy cannot guarantee compatibility with future operating system and third-party software updates.

Related Products

Recently Viewed