Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgeons rely heavily on implants of many classes, including autogenous tissue, allogeneic implants (from human donors), alloplastic implants (inorganic), and xenografts (donor tissue from other species).
Learn about the ever-increasing selection of ophthalmic implants and how they are used in the periocular and orbital region. Implants can be used for modification of orbital volume, repair or augmentation of the bony orbit, nasolacrimal system implantation and grafting, expansion of conjunctival surface area, restoration of normal eyelid position, and cosmetic enhancement of the periocular region. (Discussion of the latter is beyond the scope of this Focal Points issue.)
Upon completion of this Focal Points issue, you should be able to:
- Discuss contemporary issues regarding ocular and orbital implantation materials in treatment of the anophthalmic or enophthalmic socket.
- Summarize recent advances in the repair of bony orbital trauma and bony orbital augmentation.
- Describe various strategies and graft materials used in conjunctival expansion of the anophthalmic and sighted sockets.
- Discuss surgical strategies and implant materials used for restoration of normal eyelid position.
Focal Points issues are practical, hands-on discussions of the clinical challenges you face daily. Each issue delivers high-quality, trusted ophthalmic information written and reviewed by leading experts.
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The American Academy of Ophthalmology designates this enduring material for a maximum of 2 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.