Pediatric glaucoma represents a heterogeneous group of rare disorders with a variety of presentations and underlying etiologies. Treatment requires the prevention of optic nerve damage by lowering IOP. Due to the wide range of management challenges, treating children with glaucoma often requires a team approach that includes ophthalmologists with subspecialty training in pediatric ophthalmology, glaucoma, and cornea, as well as a pediatric low vision specialist. A better understanding of genetic associations with pediatric glaucoma is also emerging. These advances will likely result in improved patient outcomes for this potentially blinding disease. This module reviews the classification, signs and symptoms, evaluation, and medical and surgical management of pediatric glaucoma and incorporates information on recent advances in the field.
Upon completion of this module, you should be able to:
- Recognize the common manifestations of pediatric glaucoma.
- Demonstrate an understanding of the methods of diagnosing and treating glaucoma in infants and children, including newer technologies and medications.
- Distinguish pediatric glaucoma from adult-onset glaucoma and identify unique management challenges.
Focal Points issues are practical, hands-on discussions of the clinical challenges you face daily. Each issue delivers high-quality, trusted ophthalmic information written and reviewed by leading experts.
Subscribers receive 12 new issues a year, plus access to the Focal Points digital archive.
To access this issue from your laptop or desktop computer, log in to www.aao.org/myonlineproducts with your Academy username and password. To access this issue from your Apple iPad® or Android™ tablet, use the free AAO eBooks app. For more information about the app, visit www.aao.org/ebooks.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology designates this enduring material for a maximum of 2 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
Once you have completed this Focal Points issue, please visit CME Central to review or claim your CME.