Certain eye findings alert the savvy ophthalmologist to the presence of systemic disease in children. This Focal Points module highlights a collection of distinct clinical features that call the practitioner to initiate further investigation. These features include ocular findings related to child abuse, unusual eye movements, fundus findings with systemic significance, acquired cranial nerve palsies, optic nerve abnormalities and birthmarks that are more than skin deep.
Upon completion of this Focal Points module, you should be able to:
- Identify eye findings that indicate a child may be a victim of physical or sexual abuse.
- Consider the implications of pigmented fundus ocular lesions and Toxoplasmosis scars in infants.
- Describe the potential systemic significance of unusual eye movements and incomitant acquired strabismus in children.
- Identify the types of optic nerve hypoplasia and recognize their potential central nervous system and endocrine implications.
- Consider the potential for associated systemic findings with periocular port-wine stains and capillary hemangiomas.
Focal Points issues are practical, hands-on discussions of the clinical challenges you face daily. Each issue delivers high-quality, trusted ophthalmic information written and reviewed by leading experts.
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The American Academy of Ophthalmology designates this enduring material for a maximum of 2 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
Once you have completed this Focal Points issue, please visit CME Central to review or claim your CME.